Colin Seymour's World Trams Page

World Trams A-Z

This page contains links to sites that have information about tram and light rail networks anywhere in the world, including photo contributions and commentaries from third parties.

Much of this information was collected between 1995 and 15th May 1999 and links had expired. Substitute links and updates have been provided where possible, otherwise the contributed text may be of interest as a historical record.

Argentina

Buenos Aires

There is a museum operation in Buenos Aires (every Sunday), and a modern tram extending beyond one metro terminus on two routes.

Thanks to Roderick Smith

"Today, the Association of Friends of the Tramway (Spanish: Asociación Amigos del Tranvía) maintain and refurbish numerous trams inside the Polvorín workshop in the neighbourhood of Caballito... The service is free and is open on Saturdays and Sundays and public holidays all year round from 4pm to 7.30pm... The tramway has many trams dating back as far as the early 1900s which are used on its 2 km circuit."
Trams in Buenos Aires - Wikipedia

Asociación Amigos del Tranvía y Biblioteca Popular Federico Lacroze (Friends of the Tram Association and Federico Lacroze Popular Library)


Australia

Adelaide

The capital of S. Australia, Adelaide possesses a tram line linking the city proper with the seaside suburb of Glenelg ("one of Australia's favourite palindromes... much of the route is in a reservation, but it's still a dinkum tram").

Thanks to Alan Finch

Trams of Australia Page

Wayback Machine archive for www.railpage.org.au/tram/index.html (March 13 2018)

This is David Hoadley's Trams of Australia page (last updated 1999, site appears down since 2018).

This page contains information about the trams of Australia, both past and present: where they can be found, and where and when they run. Included are sections covering present-day operation of trams as public transport in various cities, and sections covering the historical operations of trams in Australia. Information is given on details of individual tram types, and museums where preserved specimens can be found.

Snapshots from around Melbourne

Wayback Machine archive for www.cs.monash.edu.au/melbourne/melbourne.html (Jan 17 1999)
Wayback Machine archive for www.cs.rmit.edu.au/melbourne.html ("This page was derived from http://www.cs.monash.edu/melbourne.html") (Dec 6 1998)

At this site (no longer existing) you could see illustrations of the Melbourne trams. The page suggested that Melbourne is the only Australian capital to retain its tram network. This is because of the extent of the system, which serves many suburbs and hence "network" is certainly appropriate. The trams in Melbourne are not just a tourist attraction, but form a basis for the public transport system in what is a widely spread-out metropolitan area. The city circular route tram around the major shopping and business area is free.

Trams in Melbourne - Wikipedia

Thanks to Alan Finch

Melbourne Trams (Tony Lammens)

http://connexus.apana.org.au/~lammens/trams.htm (site gone)
This was a descriptive page about Melbourne trams and recent extensions to the system.

More about Melbourne Trams...Not just a relic

Thanks to Daniel Reichwald of New York city, an expatriate Melburnian, for the following information:

As the pride of Melbourne's transport network, the tram fleet is continually updated and the network regularly extended and improved. Some of the city's new, smooth, quiet, air-conditioned articulated trams are even taking over old metropolitan commuter railway routes and are said to be more economical to run.

The newest tram route runs all the way from the campus of Latrobe University, on the outskirts of the metro area right into the centre of the City. Melbourne's network passes through every socio-economic sector of the bustling metropolis, from the steel & glass towers of the financial district to the ethnic neighbourhoods of Richmond and Carlton, to the seaside at St Kilda Beach; from the bohemia of Fitzroy to the exclusive boutiques and elegant cafes of South Yarra to the leafy suburbs of Balwyn, Kew and Caulfield.

Not only do Melbourne's trams provide a natural reliable, convenient access to town, but Melbourne has became synonymous with the famous image of green and gold trams - just as Sydney is symbolised by the Opera House.

Melbourne Tram fire

On 15th April 1996, a fire destroyed Melbourne's Z2 tram no. 109 and slightly damaged other trams in the depot. The depot's fire sprinklers prevented further damage, although an estimated $750,000 worth of damage was caused.

Melbourne Heritage Trams

On around 19/10/95 it was reported on various transport related newsgroups that the Department of Transport at Collins Street, Melbourne, was seeking parties interested in taking over the management, operation, display and storage of Melbourne's 30 strong fleet of "heritage trams" at the 1916 "American Romanesque style" Hawthorn tram depot.

Melbourne tram and train map (Chris Brownbill)

Wayback Machine archive for people.enternet.com.au:80/~cbrnbill/maps/melbourn.htm (Oct 24 2001)

Sydney Tramway Museum

This is the largest tram museum in the southern hemisphere, including over 80 tramway and related vehicles in its collection, and operates a running tramway service over approximately 3.5 km of track.

See my page SydneyTramwayMuseum.htm for more on the Sydney Tramway Museum, with plenty of unique photos!

Sydney Tramway Museum News

According to Greg Sutherland (November 1996), Sydney Tramway Museum has taken delivery of Berlin cars 3007 & 3008 (both TZ69 double ended motor cars) and 3717 (BZ69 trailer car). These cars were withdrawn from service in the Kopernick area of Berlin until the introduction of a new timetable on 2 June 1996. Built in 1969, these cars are of historical significance as some of the last examples of single truck cars introduced anywhere in the world.

The cars were formally handed over in Berlin on 4th August 1996 in the presence of Ms Margaret Adamson, Australian Consul General in Berlin. The handover was firmly supported by BVG and the local Berlin tramway museum group. Harpag Lloyd shipped the trams ex-Hamburg on "Contship Barcelona" and German Forwarding Agents Schenker International arranged international handling details for the movement of the trams from the Port Botany wharves to the Sydney Tramway Museum.

Parramatta Park Tramway Museum, Sydney

While passing through Parramatta in December 1995, I spotted in an old UBD Sydney Street Directory a part of Parramatta Park labelled "Tramway Museum". Taking a walk through the park, I eventually found a section of railway track upon which rested a number of carriages, charred almost beyond recognition. Further enquiries revealed that there was indeed a steam tramway museum here, but it burned down in June 1994. Rumours have circulated that a digruntled member of the museum might have been involved (no evidence is known to support this rumour, which could I suppose equally well be false). One engine and two cars were destroyed in the fire. It is hoped that the engine can be restored. There is a theory that there was sufficient water in the steam engine's saddle tank to hold back the worst effects of the fire.

Information about this museum can also be found at David Hoadley's Trams of Australia pages:
Wayback Machine archive for www.railpage.org.au/tram/museums.html (March 13 2018)

New light rail for Sydney

See my Sydney Light Rail page for more on Sydney's light rail network.

Ballarat Vintage Tramway

Ballarat Vintage Tramway is the operating name of the Ballarat Tramway Museum Inc., located in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. It aims to preserve Ballarat's former street tramways and trams for the public's benefit. The museum has a 1.3km track.

Ballarat Tramway Museum website
Ballarat Tramway Museum (Wikipedia)

Bendigo Trams, Victoria, Australia

The Bendigo Trust, Victoria, Australia, runs the tourist tramway in Bendigo.

Click here to view Bendigo Tram photos (contributions from Bill Winn)

Thanks to Bill Winn who sent me the following information about Bendigo:

A brief history of Bendigo's Trams

  • 1890: Battery trams operated between Sandhurst (as Bendigo was then called) and Eaglehawk. This system lasted just 13 weeks, owing to the overtaxed batteries going flat; horses were then required to tow the stranded trams back to the depot.
  • 1892 - 1902: Steam trams operate successfully.
  • 1903: The Electric Supply Co. of Victoria introduce electric trams operating on the overhead wire system.
  • 1934: The State Electricity Commission of Victoria take over the operation of the trams.
  • 1972 - April 16th. The trams finally cease operation as public transport.
  • 1972 - December 9th. Bendigo's vintage 'talking' trams commence. The Bendigo Trust (a non-profit group) saved and successfully operate Bendigo's trams today, carrying some 60,000 visitors annually.

The famous vintage 'Talking' trams operate daily (except Christmas Day) taking a one hour informative tour through the city. The track system is four kilometers in length and there are some thirty trams which all operate at one time or another. The oldest at eighty four years is the Summer Car, otherwise known as the Toast Rack. The original depot that houses the trams was built in 1903 using steel brought out from Sheffield England and the depot is the only original surviving one still in use in Australia. The Tramways within its fleet have five (out of the seven that remain in Australia) rare Birney cars that were built by J. G. Brill, Philadelphia U.S.A. and out of the five there are two with original built longtitude seating; these are the only two that are left in the world.

See also:
David Hoadley's Trams of Australia (Bendigo's tram system):
Wayback Machine archive for www.railpage.org.au/tram/bendigo.html (March 13 2018)

RailPage Tram Pictures (includes Bendigo tram):
Wayback Machine archive for www.railpage.org.au/pix/trams/ (March 13 2018)

Weico Models

According to "Peter K. Ositron" (in 1996, possibly writing in newsgroup aus.rail.models), Weico made HO scale Australian tram models (in kit form).

They were located in Reservoir, Victoria, Australia. After 30 years in the business, Weico Models ceased production in March 2013. Examples may be found on the second hand market. A selection of their models can be seen at the following archive:

Wayback Machine archive for www.modeltrainsho.com.au:80/m8-Weico-Models.html (March 7 2013)


Austria

Gmunden

The Gmunden network has a single 0.9 metre route; mainly a tourist attraction but also serves the Gmunden public. 4-axle DUWAG tramcars are used in normal traffic, while historical cars are used at the weekends. An extension of the route to the Gmunden main line station is planned.
Thanks to Manni Schneiderbauer

Graz

The Graz network (1.5 metre) consists of around 8 routes, numbered #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, and #14, and is pretty large for a town like Graz. It uses mainly 6- and 8-axled DUWAG type uni-directional tramcars running mostly on double tracks. Low-floor tramcars are planned to be bought in 1997. As a first step, existing 6-axle DUWAG tramcars will be equipped with a low-floor middle part (and extended to 8 axles this way). The Graz tramway network is equipped with infrared and other systems to manipulate traffic lights and to speed up the tram. A new route is planned to be built in 1996 and 1997; it will be an extension of the existing route #6. Historical tramcars are operated on the weekends and occasionally by the Grazer Tramwaymuseum.
Thanks to Manni Schneiderbauer

Innsbruck

The 1-metre-sized Innsbruck network consists of 4 routes, #1, #3, #6 and STB. Two of them are overland routes. One of the overland routes, the almost 100 years old one-tracked route #6, is planned to be closed down in September 1996. There is a citizen's movement to prevent the closing. The #6 route leads through beautiful woods to the suburban village of Igls and is supposedly one of the world's most beautiful tramway routes. #6 only operates hourly between 7 am and 7 pm.

The other overland route, the Stubaitalbahn, another one-tracked route, operates every 40 minutes. It's evidently longer than route #6 and it serves the Stubai valley.

The city routes #1 and #3 are two-tracked throughout. The overland routes #6 and STB also use the city routes' tracks to the Central Train Station. The Innsbruck tramway network uses 6- and 8-axle DUWAG type tramcars. Except for route STB, uni-directional cars are used. Only on STB two-directional cars are used. Low-floor tramcars are planned to get going in three to five years since the old ones (average of 30 years) were recently renovated and big investments were made in a working and expanding, modern low-floor trolley bus network in Innsbruck. All Innsbruck tramcars are equipped with the infrared IBIS computer system which is used to switch traffic lights. A new route #2 is planned to be built for a large new sports stadium. Historical tramcars are operated regularly on the weekends and occasionally by the Tiroler Localbahnmuseum.

There is a monthly magazine called "Schienenverkehr Aktuell" which contains news about the Innsbruck tramway.
Thanks to Manni Schneiderbauer

Tiroler Museumsbahnen (Wikipedia)
Tiroler Museumsbahnen (website)

Linz

The 0.9-metre Linz network consists only of two routes, #1 and #3. It's two-tracked throughout. The Linz tram system is designed to be fast and effective. Modern 8- and 10-axle cars are used. A new route is planned for a new city quarter and traffic center, and a decision is expected soon on whether the route should operate on the small Linz tramway tracks or on normal-sized tracks and use two-system cars that also could use the main train routes (like the system in Karlsruhe, Germany). Historical tramcars are operated occasionally.
Thanks to Manni Schneiderbauer

Vienna

Vienna has the largest tramway system in Austria.

Useful information about Vienna.

The public transport system
"The public transport system is definitely one of Vienna’s good points. Cheap, frequent, fast, clean, efficient, relatively safe, and rarely overcrowded"

Vienna Public Transport

Both these sites have information about Vienna trams. The first has more general information about the trams, and the second one has "Plans of underground lines, trams, busses" in German.

Vienna's Transport System

The WTM "Wiener Tramwaymuseum" (Vienna Tramway Museum) This replaces a previous expired link provided by Andreas Scholz

The "Wiener Tramwaymuseum" is a registered association, owning most of the exhibits including a horse-drawn tramway and a steam engine tramway, as well as modern articulated cars and Ultra-Low-Floor test units – all located at the "Transport Museum of Wiener Linien“.

Vienna Tramway Museum has an operational tram from the Third Avenue Railway in New York City of WW2 vintage.
From an article by Andreas Pavlik in misc.transport.urban-transit

Tramways in Vienna/Austria/Europe

Vienna, the capital of Austria, with its 1.6 million inhabitans in the heart of Europe has one of the worlds largest tramway system with an length of 238.6 km (approx. 150 miles). Currently there are 34 lines in daily service, one on weekends and holidays and five on demand. They are connecting 1160 stops with an average velocity of 16 km/h (10 mph), this because of the small distance between the stops (406 meters (1330 feet)). The tramcars currently in service were built by SGP (Simmering-Graz-Pauker) and Bombadier-Rotax (former Lohner-Werke) under license of DUEWAG. There are currently 564 white-red streetcars and 440 trailers in service.

SGP, now part of the Siemens-goup, developed the tramway with the lowest entrance height in the world. There are two prototypes in service at the Wiener Linien (Vienna lines) one with an length of 24.4 m (approx. 80 feet) the other with an length of 35.5 m (116 feet). The entrance height above top of rail is 180 mm (7 inches) and the floor is level on a height above top of rail of 205 mm (8 inches). This became possible because the traction units are fitted vertically in the portal articulation. The gear is a radially adjustable single-wheel running gear, and except the front gears all of them are powered by 60 kW motors. The first vehicles of series production will enter service in 1997.

Erik Sandberg-Diment wrote in the New York Times of August 11th, 1996

"The Viennese take their trolleys, part of one of the finest public transportation systems in the world, for granted. Most visitors see the constant flow of red and white streetcars only through the viewfinder of a camera. Which is a mistake, for it really pays to hop a trolley and ride the rails just as the Viennese do. It's far the best way to see the city..."

Thanks to Christian Pettauer and Thomas Wimmer

List of town tramway systems in Austria (Wikipedia)


Belgium

Belgium has a modernised coastal line (De Panne - Oostende - Knokke) in Flanders. There are also two lines comprising the Charleroi light metro from the south station to Gilly and Anderlues. There are also tramways in Antwerp, Brussels and Ghent.

In Brussels, there is a fine museum with operating historic trams.

Brussels Trams

Trams in Brussels (Wikipedia)

Charleroi museum

After a whole year without operation (and revenue), the Charleroi-based "Association pour le Sauvegarde du Vicinal" (ASVi) planned to resume regular service again in 1996. The association runs a completely independant operation on a former Belgian "Vicinal" line between Lobbes and Thuin, about 20 km to the South of Charleroi. This line happens to be the last remainder of what once was a network of some 5000 km (!) of rural tram lines all across Belgium.

ASVi - Association pour la Sauvegarde du Vicinal
A living museum retracing the history of the "Vicinal" Light Railways

ASVi museum (Wikipedia)

The Anderlues-Lobbes-Thuin line operated in 1996 between July and mid-October, every Sunday, from 14:00 until 18:00. In 1996, the tram festival which took place on the 15th, 17th and 18th of August was very successful, with numerous cars being run, including the number 9073 dating from 1901, number 9515 dating from 1918, standard 10308 from 1944, and there were also open toastrack, first and second class steam trailers, and luggage vans. A PCC car was in use as a souvenir shop at Thuin Ville Basse. A diesel car (ART 300) ran on a former section of the SNCB line Mons Chimay, which is now converted to meter gauge, in order to link the main tram line to the new depot under construction.

The new depot is now complete with walls and roof. The connecting tracks, a pit and a concrete floor are expected to be complete before the next season in 1997.

You can find more about Charleroi and its museum in Niels Grundtvig Nielsen's pages, linked below. Follow the link to museums, then Thuin-Lobbes-Anderlues.
Thanks to Ralf R. Radermacher, and Philippe Dussart

Trams in Belgium by Niels Grundtvig Nielsen

"Belgium used to have – sigh – an unparalleled network of trams and light railways, taken for granted whether you were for, against or indifferent"
Wayback machine archive for www.usingit.be/trampage/trams.htm (April 27 1999)
Information about five operational tramways and seven museums.

List of town tramway systems in Belgium (Wikipedia)


Bosnia-Herzegovina

Horse car and electric trams in Sarajevo - horse car from 1 Jan 1885 to 1 May 1895, and electric from 1 May 1895.

List of town tramway systems in Europe (Wikipedia) - jump to Bosnia-Herzegovina

Trams in Sarajevo (Wikipedia)


Bulgaria

Public transport in Sofia is the responsibility of Gradski Transport-Sofia (GT) comprising the operation of buses, trolleybuses and trams of two gauges. Day tickets were priced at BGL 4.50; single journey tickets at BGL 1.50. and Knyazhevo respectively in its photo captions.

The tramway network in Sofia is split into two parts, the larger of which is the well-established 1009 mm gauge network, dating in part from 1898. In 1987, a standard (1435 mm) gauge route (20) was initiated on a new alignment from Geo. Milev to Iskar in the east of the city, and this has now been progressively extended westwards, largely over former narrow-gauge routes, so that the western terminus is at Teatr, only a stone's throw from the city centre, where there is a mixed-gauge terminal loop shared with routes 3 and 4. A new extension of the route in the Druñba housing complex near the Iskar terminus has been under construction for the last five years, but it is not known when or even if it will ever be brought into service.

This does not mean that the narrow gauge route network has been neglected. New extensions have been opened recently to Ljulin 5 (route 21), Obelya 2 (routes 1 and 6) and Lozenets (route 6).

The network overall gives an efficient impression, with informative stop signs and vehicle destinations, although off-peak frequencies on some routes left something to be desired. A total of 14 narrow gauge routes is in operation (1-12, 19, 21), and these vary considerably in character. The long route 5 to the rural terminus in the lee of the VitoÓa mountains at Knjañevo, mostly on roadside reservation, has an almost interurban character, whilst other routes, particularly in the west side of the city centre (3, 4, 10, 11, 21) run along narrow cobbled streets. Other routes, such as the Obelya, Ljulin and Drvenitsa routes at their outer ends, are surrounded entirely by typical eastern European concrete blocks of flats.

Route 7 terminus at Borovo is a bit of an oddity, since it is approached through a short subway, the line emerging into a cutting for the turning circle. At ground level above there is little sign of habitation.

One section of route not to be missed is that of routes 2, 8 and 19 immediately south of the Chankova turning circle, where the line twists and climbs through an area of woodland before emerging into the open at Pl. Valcova Zavera. The subway on routes 6 and 9 under NDK (National Palace of Culture) is partially shared with trolleybuses running in one direction only, presumably so that they can share one of the platforms of the underground 'station' at NDK.

Condition of the trackwork was in some cases poor, particularly the junctions and town-centre sections, though overall much better than in BucureÕti. The riding of the older trams could be best described as 'graunching'.

Rolling stock on the standard gauge consists of Tatra T6B5 units 4101-4137, working both solo and in pairs (pantograph on second unit not raised), most of which are liveried in white with a broad yellow band and orange lining, almost Budapest style, though one or two were noted in the ubiquitous Tatra red and white scheme. Additional standard gauge trams are home-made GT 6-axle units, none of which were in service, however.

On the narrow gauge, the majority of trams are GT home-made articulated units of various ages, though again a fleet of Tatra T6A2 has recently entered service, also in the yellow and white scheme. Fleet numbers noted for these were between 2001 and 2039.

The fleet numbers of the GT-built trams noted are: 730-799, 101-211: 8-axle cars with curved ends and windscreens; 666: 6-axle car otherwise similar to 730 series; 720/2, 812-860: 6-axle cars of a newer, squarer design; 304/5: 8-axle cars otherwise similar to 720 etc.; 406-420: 6-axle cars similar to 720 etc. but of a more modern appearance. Most GT-built cars are in an allover orange livery, though shades vary; some carry overall advertising for cigarette firms (Marlboro, etc.). An interesting and very useful feature of all of the narrow gauge trams is the provision of a letter box on the nearside of each tram, which appeared to be much appreciated by the local citizenry.

Interestingly, the standard gauge Tatras were not equipped with this feature, and indeed the same position was taken up by a ventilation grille, prominently labelled 'NOT a Post Box'!

Thanks to Norman Griffiths, who has supplied data (and maps) for the Blickpunkt Strassenbahn 'Tramways of the ex-USSR' book.

Trams in Sofia (Wikipedia)

Canada

Edmonton Radial Railway Society, Alberta

http://www.edmonton-radial-railway.ab.ca/

This tram society started in 1980, and now has a collection of around 20 cars, the majority being former Edmonton Radial Railway cars.

The society operates trams at Fort Edmonton Park every day during the summer months from 10:00 to 18:00.
Thanks to J.A. Kernahan

Halton County Radial Railway

The H.C.R.R. dates back to December 1953, and has around 21 electric streetcars, 4 interurban cars, 2 rapid transport cars, 9 items of electric work equipment vehicles, 2 trolleybuses, 2 motor buses, 2 internal combustion engine work equipment vehicles, 3 track maintenance vehicles, plus several "miscellaneous" items.

Admission includes unlimited historic streetcar rides on two kilometers of scenic track. The museum is able to accommodate most standard wheelchairs, but some streetcars and display areas are not wheelchair accessible.

Halton County Radial Railway "Ontario’s first and largest electric railway museum"

Located minutes north of highway 401 on the Guelph line.
Thanks to John-Peter Smit for information about the Halton County Radial Railway.

See also Seashore Trolley Museum in the U.S.

Destination Toronto

Toronto Transit Information: The TTC (Toronto Transit Commission) operates Toronto's transit system. You can use bus, streetcar or subway for one fare, on a one-way trip with no stop-overs.
Wayback machine archive of www.dms-destination.com/toronto/hod177.htm (June 22 2001)

A picture of a TTC Streetcar may be seen at: Wayback machine archive of www.ipoline.com/~deckie/imigrant/ttc/ttc.htm (May 2nd 1997)

However, some people think "The Toronto Transit Commission's Streetcar Lines Should Die!" (Natural gas bus nuts)...
Wayback machine archive of www.interlog.com/~kas/protest/metro/streetcar.htm (July 12th 2001)

Toronto Transit Commission-TTC

Information on Toronto subways, buses, and streetcars, service updates, maps and trip planning:
http://www.ttc.ca/

Toronto Transit Commission (Wikipedia)


CIS

See under Russia

Croatia

There are Metre gauge trams in Zagreb and Osijek. The Osijek network is the only Croatian tram system still in existence outside Zagreb.

Narrow-gauge railways in Croatia (Wikipedia)

Czech Republic (Tschechische Republik)

See the Czech Trams Page

Denmark

Rob Bower of Australia has raised the question of an article written by someone who cliamed to have ridden on Copenhagen trams in the 80's and 90's, but Rob Bower was there in 1979 and reports that they had dismantled their trams in favour of underground rail.

David Balharrie has been to Denmark on business several times and confirmed that the trams ceased to run in Copenhagen on 23rd April 1972. There is still visible track in Copenhagen, with some appearing through worn tarmac, and there are also remains of overhead rosettes on many buildings. There are some trams on display in the transport museum in Copenhagen (at Islevdalvej 119, Rodovre, 1000 - 1600, but opening days are limited so please check before visiting).

Denmark also has a museum similar to Crich in the UK, south west of Copenhagen (address currently unknown).

Soren Gylden tells me that Denmark had systems in Copenhagen, Aarhus and Odense.

  • Copenhagen: First line opened in 1862, last line closed 1972, replaced by busses only (no metro line). From 1898 until the end trolleypoles were used. A wide net with 20 lines operating on standard gauge. In 1960 a number of 100 articulated cars were purchased from Duewag Germany, Dusseldorf type, but in even before the last were delivered it was decided to close down the hole system, and the cars were sold to Alexandria Egypt, were they still run.
  • Aarhus: Had a 1 meter gauge system with 2 lines, closed 1971.
  • Odense: Had 1 standard gauge system with one line, closed 1952.
There has been much talk about new tram lines, but no decisions made. An automatic line from city to a new town area are under construction now, opens 1999 (?).

A most interesting tram museum is located in the middle of Zealand, at Skjoldenaeshold by Jystrup some 10 km north of Ringsted, 45 km west of Copenhagen. It has trams from the 3 towns mentioned above, plus some from Sweden, Germany etc. It operates both 1 meter line and standard gauge line. This year an original tram depot were moved from Copenhagen to the museum. A traffic museum in Copenhagen has trams and busses, but not in operation: HT-museet, Islevdalsvej, Roedovre.

Thanks to David Balharrie, and Soren Gylden, Denmark


Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe trip report

Title: Eastern Europe trip report
Trip Report 5/13/93 - 6/3/93 Eastern Europe / Scandinavia
Author: Steve Engelhardt, steven_t_engelhardt

http://www.mninter.net/~engelst/russian.htm

(moved from http://www.digimark.net/rec-travel/europe/east-europe-trip-engelhardt at some point after May 1999 and then from http://www.travel-library.com/europe/east-europe-trip-engelhardt)

This is a rambling account of Steve Engelhardt's trip across Europe and Eastern Europe, by various means of transport and describing assorted types of accommodation, from May 13th 1993 to June 6th 1993.

The original report mentioned the modern light rail transport system at Gatwick Airport, with no overhead power lines, covering about a mile between the North and South terminals, but this appears to have been edited out of the currently available report.

He passes through Amsterdam, Netherlands; Berlin, Germany; Warsaw, Poland; Minsk, (where the trams are described as being "very dated", but to tram fans would probably be a historical treasure); Smolensk, Moscow, Tver, Novgorod, St. Petersburg, Russia; Helsinki, Finland; Stockholm, Sweden; Copenhagen, Denmark; Hamburg, Germany; the English Channel; and back to Minneapolis, USA.

Selected excerpts from the trip report by Steve Engelhardt

Friday May 14, Day 2: London

"At Gatwick after leaving plane I took a tram to the next building where Immigration/Customs was... [visited Imperial War Museum]..."

May 19, Wednesday Day 7: Warsaw

"...Went on city tour of Warsaw... The people in Warsaw seem to have a lot of spirit even though they are having a lot of economic trbl. The small cars and small trolleys are cute, many of the streets are wide boulevard 8 lanes wide, some with trolleys in the middle."

May 21, Friday Day 9: Minsk to Smolensk

"...went on a city tour of Minsk. The city was rebuilt after the second world war and things still look like 1950 now. They rebuilt buildings the way they were in the past. This city is an excellent example of how Russia looked under communism, there are no Coke signs and there are still Lenin status around the busses and trams are very dated and the buildings could use some paint..."

May 22, Saturday Day 10: Smolensk to Moscow

"...Our bus is broke down and we are desperate to get out of this place. Fortunately it is only a fan belt and we get it fixed. We then depart on the city tour of Smolensk... We enter Smolensk, which was also occupied by the Germans and rebuilt. It is the most run down dilapidated place on our tour. All of the busses and trolleys are very old and their paint has faded. Nothing is modern at all..."

May 23, Sunday Day 11: Moscow

"... We leave on city tour at 8:45 for city tour... After lunch we went to ride the metro. This is the greatest adventure of the whole trip. The plan is for us (35) to follow our Russian guide into the metro and take 4 trains and end up where are bus is waiting. In the process we will spend 1 1/2 hours in the metro and visit 4 stations. Considering everything else the metro is unbelievable efficient. The stations are clean and beautiful, the escalator are 2x as fast as anything in America but they are easy to get on and off probably because there speed is that of a fast walk it takes 2 1/2 min. to ride the escalator with an angle of Apr. 20%..."

June 3, Thursday Day 22: London to Minneapolis

"... breakfast at 6:15 leave for Gatwic airport at 6:45... took another tram to my gate and boarded the airplane about 11:15 AM..."

Estonia

Leif Spångberg's Scandinavian tram pages used to host photos of tramways and trolleys from Tallinn dated 1993 and 1997, but his current website does not list them, although as stated on the front page in November 2019 (since about 2011), they may be waiting for "a rescanning of most of my photos".
http://www.tramways.com/index.html

The Estonia entries disappear between
Wayback machine archive of www.tramways.com:80/index.html (October 02 2003)
and
Wayback machine archive of www.tramways.com:80/index.html (April 04 2004)

A few photos show up on the archives of October 02 2003 and earlier, between
Wayback machine archive of www.tramways.com/index.html (March 2nd 2000)
and
Wayback machine archive of www.tramways.com:80/index.html (October 02 2003)


Finland

Transportation, Helsinki

Created by Synchronicity Oy:

Wayback machine archive of www.synchronicity.fi/helsinki/wheretogo/transprt.html (November 13th, 1999)

Contains a brief outline of the Railway Station, Metro and a list of trams:

Trams: 1, 3B, 3T, 4, 6, 7A, 7B, 8, 10

In 1999, there was a tram network of about 100 route km which was expected to expand in the next few years.

"Note: The contents of this service were last updated in January 1995. As a result it contains a lot of out of date information. In fact some of the places depicted here no longer even exist! Created during the summer of 1994 Helsinki for the Virtual Traveller was one of the first services of its kind. It was produced mainly as a proof of concept (but also because it was fun to do) and the original creators have since moved on to other tasks"

In 2019, Wikipedia lists a route length of 96 km.

Helsinki tram network (Wikipedia)

Helsinki was founded in the year 1550 by a decree of King Gustav I Vasa of Sweden. It was first situated at the mouth of river Vantaa but it was moved further south to its present location in 1643. It has been the capital of Finland since 1812.

Jari Mantynen, a professional tram driver told me about the Helsinki city transport-company URL at:
https://www.hel.fi/hkl/en/helsinki-city-transport
This has all kinds of useful information in several languages about Helsinki public transport.

Vintage tram ride
You can take a vintage tram ride from the tram stop next to the Havis Amanda statue by the Market Square. In summer 2019, the vintage tram operated every Saturday and Sunday from mid-May to the beginning of September.

The regular tram routes can also be used to tour the city.

Helsinki's oldest tram depot (1900) houses the Tram Museum, which opened in 1993:

Tram Museum - Trams in Helsinki


France

Grenoble

In January, 1996, Andrew Lee wrote in the Usenet newsgroup uk.transport in response to Richard Adamfi's request for a public transport utopia where car use is frowned upon and most journeys are made by public transport, bike or foot, citing Grenoble's 'TAG' public transport system in the Rhône-Alpes area.

He described how clean and quiet the city centre was, with well-run trams operating as frequently as every 30 seconds. Travellers may buy a carnet of tickets, and there is a reasonable flat fare of about UKP 0.55 ($0.90), for a 1 hour limit. He considers the system the most civilised public transport system he has ever used.

Grenoble MÉTRO TRAM RER

RER: Réseau Express Régional.

The Grenoble tramway - a tramway of envy for the public. It boasts a friendly and comfortable interior, frequent operation, high speeds.

The full Métro-Tram-RER file, which is about 14 kb, is at the following site. The author recommends: "d'imprimer l'article afin de pouvoir le lire tête reposée, car il fait 8 pages." (Print it out before reading it at leisure, because it's 8 pages long). Includes pictures from Karlsruhe and Strasbourg.

La page de Frédéric Gonot:
http://wwwipd.ira.uka.de/~gonot [Site no longer exists]

A later version is listed in the Wayback machine, but without the comment about printing. There are separate pages for Karlsruhe and Strasbourg that may contain images (web.archive.org seems to be typically poor at reproducing images embedded in pages).

Wayback machine archive of www.gonot.de (May 19th 2001)

The MÉTRO TRAM RER article was posted in the newsgroup soc.culture.French on 21st June 1996.

Strasbourg

Strasbourg's Parking+Tram fee is 14 FF.
(2019 prices: Tickets valid in the greater Strasbourg area)
During the day, trams will run every four or five minutes.
Thanks to Andrew Clarque in misc.transport.rail.europe

A Strasbourg tram page (Francais), by Daniel Masson. Originally at www.mygale.org/~dmasson/tramway-strasbourg, which no longer exists.
Wayback machine archive of membres.multimania.fr/dmasson/tramway-strasbourg/f_tramway-strasbourg.htm (April 30 2013)

The Strasbourg tramway is a network of six tramlines:
Strasbourg tramway (Wikipedia)

Miscellaneous, France

There are tramways at Lille, Marseille, St-Etienne, Rouen, Grenoble, Nantes, and Strasbourg, with new systems planned for Valenciennes, Montpellier, and Southern Paris. In Marseille a line runs from the north-west to the city centre via a tunnel which was too narrow for buses. In Lille, the Mongy tramway runs to Roubaix and Tourncoing. St Etienne has one line running the length of the town.

According to Gerard Delpeuch (in misc.transport.rail.europe, 26th January 1996), Rouen has operated a "Metrobus" light rail system since 1994, which is of a GEC-Alsthom semi-low-floor construction as used in Grenoble, running underground in parts of the historic city centre.

Trams in France (Wikipedia)

Germany

In Germany, there are large tramway systems in München, Stuttgart, Köln and Frankfurt am Main.

The trams in Stuttgart run on 2 gauges.

Christoph Lorenz told me about the highly successful re-start of Tram number 17 in Munich, on June 1st 1996. This tram had been off service for 13 years, and the restart was celebrated with a "Tram Party" at the Romanplatz tram station by more than 20000 people.

There are also trams in Berlin (mainly East Berlin, but very large), Erfurt, Leipzig, Dresden, Mainz, Ludwigshafen, Mannheim, Heidelberg, Bonn, Freiburg.

The Karlsruhe tram is very interesting, because they have dual use streetcars that can also use the DB lines.
Thanks to Ulf Kutzner, Mainz, Germany
See also Karlsruhe pictures under Grenoble

No. 19 Tram in München, Germany
No. 19 Tram in München, Germany (Pasing-Marienplatz)
Photographs Copyright © Nov. 1988 Colin Seymour

Johannes Meister

Johannes Meister told me on 22nd September 1996 that the http://www.uni-karlsruhe.de/railroad (or http://www.uni-karlsruhe.de/~bh42/railroad/) pages are now closed down, but also pointed out that these German cities have tramways:

Brandenburg (Havel), Rostock, Goerlitz, Bad Schandau, Ulm, Nuernberg, Gotha, Nordhausen, Potsdam (etc.)

Railroad Crossing

Previously at mercurio.iet.unipi.it/pix/de/trams/pix.html (no longer exists):
The European Railway Picture Gallery (Wayback machine archive of mercurio.iet.unipi.it:80/pix/de/trams/pix.html June 3rd 2004)
Previously titled "The MERCURIO Picture Gallery"

Trams of Germany including Karlsruhe, München, Rostock, and Augsburg.
URL reference provided by Erik Hjelme.

Jobst Brandt wrote in newsgroup misc.transport.rail.europe describing Stuttgart as a regular tram haven. It includes meter gauge, standard gauge, and double gauging with gantlet (three rails).

References:
Buckley, Tramways and light railways of Switzerland and Austria.
Pagel & Taplin, Tramways of Western Germany.

Acknowledgement: Usenet posting by Roderick Smith dated 31 Aug 1995.

Bergische Museums Strassenbahn

The Bergische Museums Strassenbahn is a tram museum with about 1.5 km of outside track, all metre gauge. They are located near Wuppertal, about 40 km from Cologne or 20 km from Duesseldorf.

Bergische Museumsbahnnen e.V.

Info:   c/o M. Dickmann
        D-42015 Wuppertal

Depot:  Wuppertal-Kohlfurth
        accessible either by car or by bus/rail via Wuppertal-Cronenberg
        opening hours/public access:
               Saturdays 11 - 5 (all year)
               Sundays   11 - 5 (May - October, only)

Bergischen Museumsbahnen - Wuppertal

Bergische Museumsbahnen (Wikipedia)

"The museum is open all year round on Saturdays from 11 am to 5 pm, and from May to October also on Sundays from 11 am to 5 pm. Services are run from April to October on the 2nd and 4th Sundays in the month as well as on Whit Monday and Pentecost."

Duesseldorf Rheinbahn A.G. Centenary

In 1996, Duesseldorf's 'Rheinbahn A.G.' public transport undertaking celebrated their 100th anniversary with a parade of their historic trams through the city, an exhibition at the Duesseldorf Art Palace (Kunstpalast), and open days at the Heerdt, Lierenfeld, Tiefenbroich and Mettmann depots.

Cologne

Cologne will eventually have a decent place for their undertaking's growing fleet of historic trams, at last. After decommissioning of the Thielenbruch depot, one of the two former car sheds has been converted into the terminus of tram line 15. The gate leading into the terminus is the rear end of former Cologne 8-axle tram 3832, now repainted in the original cream livery and proudly displaying the citie's coat of arms instead of the new-style rectangle 'KVB' logo. The remaining shed is currently undergoing a major overhaul to become the Cologne tram museum. Presently, all museum trams are stored under plastic sheeting on an outside track of the new Merheim depot.

An extensive homepage on the Cologne trams by Ralf R. Radermacher is available (in English, German and French) at:
Wayback machine archive of www.netcologne.de/~nc-radermra/ (August 16th 2000)

Includes:

  • The Cologne public transport undertaking
  • History of Cologne trams
  • Contemporary rolling stock
  • News and events
  • Links
  • Photo gallery
  • Current Exhibition

Cologne Trams to Turkey

Another batch of 3700-clas Cologne 8-axle trams are currently stored at the Merheim depot awaiting their departure to Konya, Turkey. Eventually, all 3700-class trams with 'Westwaggon' bogeys will see a new lease of life in what is the most recent Turkish tramway system.
Thanks to Ralf R. Radermacher, Cologne, Germany

Oberhausen

A new tramway system opened in the city of Oberhausen in the Ruhr in 1996. The original tramway was opened in 1897 and closed in 1968, but one 8km line, connected to the nearby Muelheim system, was rebuilt and opened on 1st July 1996. It is a 1m gauge system using low-floor trams of the Bochum type (Siemens-Duewag). The route number is 112.

The next German city to reintroduce tramways is expected to be Saarbruecken, using Karlsruhe-style dual-mode (rail-tram) vehicles, and later Aachen.

See "Light Rail in the Ruhr" by Oliver Mayer which also describes a number of other light rail systems in the Ruhr area:
http://www.japaneserailwaysociety.com/oliver/ruhr/lrruhr1.htm
Thanks to Oliver Mayer, David McLoughlin

Trams in Mülheim/Oberhausen (Wikipedia)


Hong Kong

There are operating trams in Hong Kong. Indeed, in January 1996 Anna Tam reported in the Hongkong Standard (and Colin J. Churcher noted this in misc.transport.urban-transit) that, following an accident in which a tram collided with a man crossing the road at the junction of King's Road and Finnie Street in Quarry Bay, the man allegedly attacked the tram driver.

Hong Kong Tramways (Wikipedia)

List of tram accidents (Wikipedia)


Hungary

Thanks to Marton Balazs for information about Hungary.

Hungary has trams in Budapest (150.85 route km), Szeged (17 km), Miskolc (12 km), and Debrecen (4.6 km). (according to 1978 data).

The first "Stuka" was delivered in 1940 by the Hungarian factory Ganz, but these no longer operate. They were further developed to build the prototype "Szellem" tram (szellem means ghost in Hungarian), but due to a shortfall of manufacturing capacity, these newer trams were not put into service. After further modifications to the "Szellem" model, 375 new tramcars called UV were manufactured between 1956 and 1965. The name UV comes from Uj Villamos, which means new tramcar in Hungarian. These trams still operate today.

The UV tram can be configured in three ways:
1. P-P
2. P-U-P
3. P-U-U-P,
where P means UV powered cars, and U means unpowered cars (some of which were delivered before the Second World War). However, the third configuration has been found to be too slow, so this configuration is never used in practice.

A diagrammatic view of the tramcars:

The powered car:      *                      *
                  CDD####D####DD#   or   CDD####DD####DD#
                     BB     BB              BB      BB
The unpowered car: 
                  #DD########DD#
                      A    A     

Here, C stands for the driver's seat, D means single door, DD means double door, * means pantograph, BB means bogie, and A means single axle.

  UV                       Powered                           Unpowered
Length:                 13.5 or 13.69 meters                 10.66 meters
Width:                       2.3      meters                 2.3 meters
Distance of axles:           1.6      meters(<-in bogie)  4 meters
Distance of center of bogies:5.8      meters
Radius of sweep (min):       18       meters                 16  meters
Weight:                    19600      kilograms              7500 kilograms
Power (for 1 hour):       4 X 36.8    kilowatts
Seats:                    20 or 24                           16
Places to stand:          70 or 74                           65

The trams have electromechanical switched resistor controllers. The unpowered cars are braked by current derived from the DC traction motors during braking. There is a high (4-6 bars) pressure air system to operate doors and a constant-force air brake (to stop the tram from 5 km/h). Springs are of steel.

In 1961, the tramcar "Bengali" was manufactured (not by Ganz factory, but by the transport companies). These don't operate in Budapest but can be found in the three other cities. The car looks like this:

        *                                   *
    CDD###DD##|##DD##|##DD###DDC   or   CDD#######|##DD##|#######DD#
       P     A        A     P              P     A        A     P   

where C means the driver's seat, DD means double door, A means unpowered axle, P means powered axle, | means joint, * means pantograph. The second configuration is only a one-way car. These cars cannot be hooked up in a train.

Bengali                
 Length:              about 22    meters
 Width:                   2.29    meters
 Distance of axles:     3.8;7;3.8 meters 
 Radius of sweep (min):    20     meters
 Weight:            about 24000   kilogramms
 Power (for 1 hour): about 2 X 80 kilowatts
 Seats:                    28
 Places to stand:          127   

The trams have direct switched resistor controllers, an air pump for the doors, and constant-force air brakes. The unpowered axles are braked by current derived from the DC traction motors while braking. Springs are steel for this vehicle, too.

In 1967 the Ganz factory delivered the fist eight-axle articulated trams. These can be found in Budapest. It is possible to operate these tramcars in pairs; this makes up a 16-axle tram that is almost 56 meters long. This configuration works on line 4 and 6 (almost a circuit around the downtown).
The cars look like this:

                *
     CDD#####DD##||##DD##||##DD#####DDC
         PP      BB      BB      PP 

where C means the driver's seat, DD means double door, || means joint, PP means powered bogie, BB means unpowered bogie, * means pantograph.
Ganz-ipari-csuklos (means Ganz industry articulated):

 Length:                      26.9    meters
 Width:                        2.3    meters
 Distance of axles (in bogie): 1.8    meters 
 Distance of centers of bogies:6;6;6  meters
 Radius of sweep (min):         18    meters
 Weight:                       33600  kilogramms
 Power(for 1 hour):          4 X 66.5 kilowatts
 Seats:                         40 
 Places to stand:              158

The trams have electromechanical switched resistor controllers. There are current controls to avoid excessive fuse ruptures caused by over-acceleration, which can occur in the "Bengali" or "UV". There is no air system in these cars, doors are operated by electric motors, and brakes by electromagnets. The springs are made of gum. 172 of these tramcars were manufactured between 1965 and 1978.

Between 1979 and 1980 and in 1984 tramcars called T5C5 were bought from the Czechoslovak factory Tatra:

                   *
               CDD####DD####DD#
                  BB      BB       

(C the driver's place, DD=double door, BB=bogie (powered), *=pantograph.)

T5C5:
 Length:                       15.64      meters
 Width:                         2.5       meters
 Distance of axles in bogie:    1.9       meters
 Distance of centers of bogies: 6.7       meters
 Radius of sweep (min):   about 20        meters
 Weight:                       18500      kilogramms
 Power (for 1 hour):          4 X 45      kilowatts
 Seats:                         28
 Places to stand:               72  

One, two, three or four of these cars can be set in a train. The sole tramcar can only work a one-way system of course. In Budapest, two and three cars often operate together in a trainset. Digital electronic and electromechanical systems are used to control the value of the current as set by the driver. There is an automatic ABS system (apparently not popular with the drivers) There is no air-system, such as in the Ganz-ipari-csuklos. There is a dual spring system; gum springs between the axle and the bogie, and a combination of steel and gum springs in the bogie.

In 1987, 371 UV powered cars, 95 UV unpowered cars, 151 Ganz Csuklos articulated cars, and 322 T5C5 cars were operating in Budapest. Some UV cars (powered and unpowered cars), may have gone since then.

Some UV powered cars have been fitted with a second driver's seat, and a new air system to allow working sole in two directions. New eight-axle articulated Tatras were bought for the transport company of Miskolc. The bogies are similar to T5C5s'. These cars work with a chopper, but do not have regenerative brakes. A new Ganz-designed articulated tram is operating in Debrecen with 6 axles, choppers and regenerative brakes. The Debrecen transport company plans to change all Bengalis for these new cars. In Hungary, trams are generally limited to 50 km/h, Bengalis possibly to 40 km/h, although they are probably capable (except Bengalis) of about 80 km/h. All trams except UV unpowered cars are braked using big electric magnets clinging on to the rails.

India

Photographs of Calcutta, West Bengal

Wayback machine archive of www.teleport.com/~tlg/Calcutta.html (April 27th 1999)

Photographs of some of the places mentioned in guidebooks, and Calcutta's street life and buildings.
The 4th or 5th photograph shows a tram (Click on any photo to view a larger version of it).


Italy

In Italy, Milan, Rome and Turin have trams, and Trieste, Genova, and Bergamo have special toothed-gear lines for hills. Milan has had continuous tram service since the 1880s, electrified in the early 1890s. Some 1930s trams are still in operation in Milan. Some new lines are being introduced now. Lille has some new Italian low-floor trams.

Torino (Turin)

The first tramways in Turin were horse-drawn.

Sviluppo Del Trasporto Urbano a Torino (Urban Transport Development in Turin)

"The age of private companies (1845-1907)

The history of public transport in Turin is characterized, throughout the nineteenth century, by the activity of private companies...

In 1835... the first request to the Administration for the concession of an urban transport service was presented by Adriano Toaran, from Lyon; but, after long discussions, this concession is not granted.

...only ten years later it was given to Mr. Risone of Moncalieri, who for some years had been successfully operating a transport service between Turin and Moncalieri, the concession for the operation of two lines of horse omnibuses. One from Borgo Nuovo (via Mazzini corner of Corso Cairoli) to Porta d'Italia (piazza della Repubblica) of 2.900 km, the other from Porta Susa to Porta Po (piazza della Gran Madre) of 2.700 km; these lines, on which the omnibuses circulated not on rails, but freely, will later become lines 1 and 2."

In tram per tuffarsi nel passato (Dive into the past by tram)
In September 2018, the atmosphere of 19th-century Turin was recreated using "a vintage tram, made available by the Turin Tram Historical Association" and characters played by members of the "Le vie del Tempo" Association.

Fu a Torino il primo tram a cavalli: collegava il centro a piazza Carducci (The first horse-drawn tram was in Turin: it connected the center to Piazza Carducci)

"Monday, January 1, 1872, Turin is the first Italian city to have a line of horse-drawn trams. A straight of 3,430 meters, which connected the central Piazza Castello with the barrier of Nice, the current Piazza Carducci."

Naples has a tramway, Genova has an underground line that operates using light rail cars, and in Rome there is a light railway under construction. The length of the new line is 5.6 km, using 3.6 km of an existant tramway and the other 2 km newly built. Opening of the new line is expected at the end of 1997.
Thanks to 106411.1332@compuserve.com

Tram, Trolleybus and Underground in Turin

"Over 140 years ago the first tracks were set for the first horse-drawn streetcar line in Turin, which connected Piazza Castello with the barrier of Nizza, today's Piazza Carducci..."

Japan

Aono's Train Page

Wayback machine archive of plato.mat.muroran-it.ac.jp/guest/aono/index_english.html (December 17th 2000)
Includes a Trams and Streetcars photo gallery for places such as: Gifu, Toyama, Takaoka, Kyoto, Matsuyama, and Kochi Cities.

Streetcars of Kyoto

Wayback machine archive of cjn.meitetsu.co.jp/meiji-vil/2-24.html (June 21st 2001)
Photo of the Fushimi Line of Kyoto Electric Railway, from the museum Meiji-Mura.

Latvia

There are trams in Riga and Daugavpils.

Latvia also has a tram system in Liepaya, with Tatra KT4D trams on metre gauge - the other two Latvian systems are USSR standard (1520 mm) but interestingly use trolley pole collection (Liepaya is pantograph).
Further information can be found in Janes Urban Transport Systems.
Thanks to Norman Griffiths

Route map and photos of trams in Riga, Latvia:
UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Latvia > Riga Tram

Route map and photos of trams in Liepaja, Latvia:
UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Latvia > Liepaja Tram

Netherlands

Destination Centraal-Station in Amsterdam, Netherlands. [Photo]

The Amsterdam Channel Vondelpark

Wayback machine archive of www.channels.nl/vondelpa.html (July 23rd 1997)
The Vondelpark page gives you the trams you can take from here, or walks to other places. Each linked page offers the corresponding trams and walks for that location. The tram line pages have a photograph of a tram interior- a pity it's the same photo on every page!
The modern incarnation of these pages is http://www.channels.nl/vondelpark.html.

Den Haag Public Transport museum

Wayback machine archive of mercurio.iet.unipi.it/nlmus/hovm.html (April 29th 1999)
Routes, operating days and timetable, description of tram rides.

Wayback machine archive of /www.hovm.nl/ (July 13th 2004)
Haags Openbaar Vervoer Museum - housed in an old tram depot, named 'Remise Frans Halsstraat', and built in 1906.

Haags Openbaar Vervoer Museum 2014-2019
"Our museum is located in an old tram depot and tells the story about the past and future of public transport in The Hague with a permanent exhibition and a large collection of historical trams...

Since April 2019, the HOVM has had a new exhibition and a different arrangement of the trams. On the basis of a logical walking route through the museum, you will be introduced to the early years of the electric tram in 1900, the open tram to Scheveningen, the beautiful Yellow Tram and the well-known PCC cars."

Electrische Museumtramlijn Amsterdam

Information obout the E.M.A. (Electrische Museumtramlijn Amsterdam) can be found here:
Electrische Museumtramlijn Amsterdam, www.museumtramlijn.org
"Tram ride with a historic tram... We drive from the Haarlemmermeer station to Amstelveen-Bovenkerk..."

Rotterdam Tram Museum

General information: Trammuseum Rotterdam (nl.wikipedia.org - Dutch)

Museum website with opening hours and directions: Tram Museum Rotterdam

Den Haag (The Hague)

Public transport in The Hague: routes and times
Bus, tram, metro and train companies operating in The Hague

Den Haag Trams - HTM, Page 1 - Den Haag Overview
Trams that have run in Den Haag, with photos from 1976 to 2016 by Ian Boyle. Also has links for many other pages for different places with relevant photos.

A Dutch Narrow-Gauge Network: By Peter van der Els

http://www.mcs.net/~dsdawdy/Parlor/rtm/rtm.html
What is described here as a tramway would seem to me to be actually a railway (for tram "read: light railway"). Bearing that in mind, this is an account of tramways in Holland from establishment of the first tramway around 1880 to termination of normal services around 1966. Since then, the Rolling Tramway Museum has acted to preserve a wide variety of rail vehicles. Contains ad least 17 photographs and one or two maps.

Amsterdam Public Transport Information

https://www.peterjager.net/archief/
Includes information on tram lines, rolling stock, light rail (sneltram) and the Tramway Museum Amsterdam (for updated links to the museum, see Electrische Museumtramlijn Amsterdam above). This page links to two archives, "Amsterdam Public Transport Information in april 1996" and "Amsterdam Public Transport Information in maart 1998".

Dutch Open Air Museum

The Netherlands Open Air Museum is located in Arnhem, and has antique houses, farms and factories, and collections of historical clothing and jewellery. The heritage tram line in the museum opened in 1996, and has 1.75 km of standard gauge track.

Dutch Open Air Museum
"The museum has a number of trams to transport visitors around the site. These trams undergo daily maintenance in the tram depot. The GETA 76 was even reconstructed here from scratch as a replica."

New Zealand

There is a tramway in Christchurch that operates historic tram cars. There is also a historical tramway society, Ferrymead, in Christchurch.

The Christchurch Tramway runs round a circuit through the city centre from Cathedral Square (the heart of Christchurch city), westward down Worcester Boulevard (across the Avon River, past the Christchurch Visitor Centre, Christchurch Arts Centre, North along Rolleston Avenue (Botanic Gardens, Art Gallery, Museum, Hagley Park), East along Armagh Street (Parks, Shops, Law Courts, Hotels, Fountains), South along New Regent Street and returns to Cathedral Square.

March 1996 prices:
1 hour ticket:  Adult $5, Child (under 15) $2
4 hour ticket:  Adult $7, Child $3
Full Day Pass:  Adult $10, Child $7
1 Hour Family Pass: 2 Adults & 2 Children $10

After the Grand Opening on Saturday February 4th, 1995, Christchurch Tramway carried more than 10,000 people in the first weekend, many of whom queued for up to an hour to take a ride and collect an 'Opening Day' Commemorative Ticket.

Trams were a part of Christchurch city life for the latter part of the last century, with horse drawn and steam trams running services to many parts of the city. 1905 saw the introduction of the electric trams as an integral part of the city's transport system, where they remained until 1954 when the last of the familiar green and cream trams disappeared.

The voluntary organisation, the Tramway Historical Society based at Ferrymead Historic Park, has operated trams on its track at the Park since 1968. A long and painstaking programme of restoration and refurbishment carried out by the Historical Society in conjunction with the management of the Shotover Jet Group have led to the return of the trams to Christchurch city streets.

Tram No. 152 "The Boon"

An 8-wheel, double truck, 48 seater originally built by Boon & Co of Christchurch in 1910, with enclosed saloons at either end and open seating in the middle. Between 1906 and 1910, 28 of these units were built. Tram No.152 was retired from the streets of Christchurch in 1952.

Tram No. 178 "The Brill"

An 8-wheel, double truck, 52 seat car, 25 of which were built by Boon & Co between 1921 and 1926. During the depression of the 1930's they were converted to a 'one man operation'. This class was retired from the streets of Christchurch in 1953.

Tram No. 11 "The Boxcar"

A 4-wheel, single truck, 28 seater built by J.G. Brill & Co of Philadelphia, USA. Fifteen were built and shipped to Dunedin in 1903. No. 11 ran until 1952.

Tram No. 244 "Bo"

An 8-wheel, double truck, 52 seater built by the Melbourne Metropolitan Tramway Board in 1925 (similar to Tram No.152).
Withdrawn from service in Melbourne in 1983 and restored for Christchurch by
Sydney Tramway Museum
as the newest addition to the fleet in early 1996.

Trailer No. 115 "The Duckhouse"

A 4-wheel, single saloon trailer seating 28, built by Boon & Co in 1908. Its original capacity of 50 passengers was reduced when transport regulations added a central aisle. Retired from Christchurch in 1952.

Trailer No.18 "The Dunedin Horse Tram"

Built in 1879 by Guthrie Larnach as an open-sided horse drawn tram. Dunedin City and Suburban Tramway Co's entire fleet was destroyed in 1880. No. 18 was rebuilt, as an enclosed saloon tram and retired in 1903 after electric trams came to Dunedin. The first time horse drawn Trams have been seen in Christchurch since 1907 was when two Clydesdale horses pulled this tram down Worcester Boulevard in November 1995.

Thanks to Diane Chisholm & family

New Zealand Tramway links updated November 2019

The Tramway Historical Society - Collections - Christchurch Electric Tram Cars
Includes details of Christchurch No 1, Christchurch "Yank" No 20, Hills Car No 24, Double Decker No 26, Boon Car No 152, and PC Car No 178.

The Tramway Historical Society - Collections - Dunedin Tram Cars and Horse Trailers
Includes details of Roslyn No. 3 (later Dunedin No. 81), Dunedin Boxcar 11, Dunedin Horse Tram No. 18, Dunedin California Combination No. 22, and Dunedin Toastrack No. 37.

Tram 178: “The Brill” Christchurch.NZ (picryl.com)

Christchurch Tram. No 11 (Wikimedia Commons)

New Zealand History - Trams - Events In History

  • 2 May 1964 - New Zealand's last electric tram trip
  • 22 February 1902 - Kelburn cable car opens
  • 24 August 1878 - Wellington steam-tram service opened

This site also has a history search feature.

The Auckland Dockline Tram Fleet
Details of the fleet on the 1.5km purpose-built Auckland Dockline Tramway

Christchurch Tram
Restored heritage trams serve 17 stops in Christchurch City Central.

Christchurch Tramway
Details of the Christchurch Tramway from the Ōtautahi Christchurch website.

Christchurch Tramways
Details of the Christchurch Tramway, including historical background with photographs, from the Engineering New Zealand website.

Trams in New Zealand (Wikipedia)

Railway and Tramway attractions in New Zealand
Gives details of tram and railway attractions in 15 regions of New Zealand.


Norway

A WWW railway page for Norway

Wayback machine archive of www.ifi.uio.no/~terjek/rail/tram/trondheim.html, Tramway in Trondheim (December 17th 2000)
Originally linked from A WWW Railway Page for Norway by Terje Knudsen.

Trondheim Tramway (Wikipedia)

Oslo

34 M25 class tramcars from Gothenburg (Göteborg), Sweden, are running (as class SM91) in Oslo. To be replaced by low floor articulated cars expected to be delivered by Ansaldo Firmema in 1997. Aproximately half still have original livery. There are also 11 trailers from Gothenburg, normally coupled to "Høka" class SM53 and SM83 tramcars.

In Autumn 1995, 17 new trams were ordered for Oslo Sporveier from an Italian manufacturer. This is a 1990 design, with 40 currently in service. The new trams are expected in service in 1998.

The photo below was sent to me by Henrik Sartz:
Click to view photo of tram no. 135.


Poland

Tram cities in Poland include Szczecin, Warsaw, and Poznan; there are trams in operation in:

  • Bydgoszcz
  • Bytom
  • Chorzow
  • Czestochowa
  • Elblag
  • Gdansk
  • Gliwice
  • Gorzow Wielkopolski
  • Grudziadz
  • Katowice
  • Krakow
  • Lodz
  • Myslowice
  • Poznan
  • Ruda Slaska
  • Sosnowiec
  • Szczecin
  • Warszawa
  • Wroclaw
  • Torun
  • Zabrze

Thanks to Anita Burg

As of November 2019, Poland has operating tramways in Bydgoszcz, Częstochowa, Elbląg, Gdańsk, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Grudziądz, Katowice, Kraków, Łódź, Olsztyn, Poznań, Szczecin, Toruń, Warsaw (Warszawa) and Wrocław.

List of town tramway systems in Poland (Wikipedia)


Portugal

There used to be trams in Lisbon and Porto. The last time I visited Lisbon there were operating trams.
No. 23 Tram in Lisbon, Portugal [Photo]

According to Ian Sutton, who visited Lisbon in September 1996, there are apparently only four routes are currently operating:

  • Route 15 Praca de Feguira (sp) to Alges
  • Route 18 Rue de Alfenda (sp) to Ajuta Cemetery
  • Route 25 Rue de Alfenda to Prazeres
  • Route 28 Prazeres to Martin Momiz

Maps on all bus and tram shelters show routes 12,17 and 24 but there was no evidence of them being in operation. The map also showed Route 15 running beyond Alges to Chez Quebrada. Some of the new Siemens trams operating on route 15 have some ugly advertising in place for soft drinks and confectionery in a way that makes it very difficult to see inside.

Thanks to Ian Sutton

London's Tramways, Lisbon's Streetcars

In February 1996, Lisbon saw the inauguration of a new high-speed tramway between Praga da Figueira, and Algés. "The News" described how an Algés resident Ted Stokes (formerly an employee of London Electric Tramways Co. Ltd.) recalls his work as Assistant commercial manager, travelling on open top 'toast-rack' trams, and experiences working throughout the 50s, 60s and 70s on the tramways of Lisbon.

From a now defunct website www.nexus-pt.com/news/profiles/uktram.htm - the site www.nexus-pt.com was dedicated to the Algarve, covering tourist sites, weather, shopping etc. "The News" was a subsection www.nexus-pt.com/news/news.htm edited by Paul Luckman which was an electronic edition of The News, Portugal's national newspaper in English, including the editorial and classified sections from the current edition, and a reference section packed with information from past editions.
The Portugal News - Portugal's National Newspaper in English
Previous editions online go back only to 14 October 2017.

Trams in Portugal (Wikipedia)


Romania

Normal gauge trams may be found in Bucharest, Ploiesti, Timisoara, Galati, Oradea, Brasov, Constanta, Cluj, Braila and Craiova.

Metre gauge trams may be found in Arad and in Iasi, and also between Arad and Pâncota, and between Sibiu and Rasinari. The interurrban Sibiu - Rasinari service now uses old swiss tramways from Geneva.
Thanks to Richard Bilek

The tramways in Bucharest, Timisoara, Arad, Galati Sibiu, Oradea, and Braila date back to 1868-1920. There are tramways in Ploiesti, Brasov, Constanta, Cluj and Craiova built in the 1980s.
Credits: Nick Sandru writing in misc.transport.rail.europe

Trams & Tramways in Romania
Romania has a wealth of interesting tramways, many operating second-hand cars from other European systems. This page contains information about the trams and tramway systems of Romania and the museums at Timisoara and Ghioroc.

List of town tramway systems in Romania (Wikipedia)


Russia

Chelyabinsk City

There were 19 tram routes in Chelyabinsk in 1995.

Moscow

Wayback machine archive of pavel.physics.sunysb.edu/RR/Moscow-Colomna.html (June 17th 2001)
The Moscow-Ryazan commuter division of the Moscow Railroad is described in detail here, together with maps, and there are interchange points at stations Kolomna and Golutvin with the Kolomna light rail (tram) system.

A page for the Kolomna tram system was added November 6, 1997.
Wayback machine archive of pavel.physics.sunysb.edu/RR/kolomna_lrt.html (April 17th 2001)

Niznyi Novgorod (formerly Gorkij)

There are trams in Niznyi Novgorod, as well as many other places, I am told.

Trams in Nizhny Novgorod (Wikipedia)

St. Petersburg

Model Auto - News Digest (St. Petersburg Tram Collection)
From the now-defunct news page of www.modelauto.co.uk/mar-news.html

St. Petersburg now has a network of some 700 km with 66 routes and more than 2000 tramcars.

St. Petersburg Tram Collection, produce a wide range of 1:43 scale handbuilt models of public transport, include all types of St. Petersburg's Tramcars, many trams all around the world, etc.

The range includes Ref 109 DDR T-57 Power Car (two axle 22-seat tramcars, built from 1957 to 1961 by VEB Waggonbau Gotha, East Germany for 22 towns in East Gemany and some cities in the Soviet Union, and also 1974 Tatra KT4, 1957 Tatra T2 PCC-type, and others.

For more information and a free catalogue please contact St. Petersburg Tram Collection, PO.Box No 16, 196158 St. Petersburg, Russia.

2019 update: St.-Petersburg Tram Collection
High quality O-scale models of the trams/streetcars, trolleybuses, buses, subway cars 1:43 1:45 1:48 all around the world.
St. Petersburg items are listed under USSR / Russia - Leningrad/St.-Petersburg.

Thanks to Leonid Khoykhin, St. Petersburg (13th August 1997).

Miscellaneous

Here is a list of the tramways in cities of the former USSR.

In Service

City		State  	       Gauge mm Opening	Length (km,approx.,1994)
Achinsk 	Russia		1524	1967	39
Almaty		Kazachstan	1524	1937	92
Angarsk		Russia		1524	1953	97
Arkangelsk	Russia		1524	1914	56
Astrakhan	Russia		1524	1900	65
Avdeyevka	Ukraine		1524	1965	36
Baku		Azerbajdjan	1524	1924	106
Barnaul		Russia		1524	1948	123
Bijsk		Russia		1524	1958	71
Chelyabinsk	Russia		1524	1932	155
Cherepovets	Russia		1524	1955	28
Cheryomushki	Russia		1524	1988	6	 *6
Daugavpilis	Latvia		1524	1946	25       *7
Dneprodzherinsk Ukraine		1524	1935	86
Dnepropetrovsk	Ukraine		1524	1897	158
Donetsk		Ukraine		1524	1928	131
Druzhkovka	Ukraine		1524	1945	26       *8
Dzerzhinsk	Russia		1524	1933	86
Gorlovka	Ukraine		1524	1932	62
Groznyj		Russia		1524	1932	92	*1
Irkutsk		Russia		1524	1945	41
Ivanovo		Russia		1524	1933	42
Izhevsk		Russia		1524	1935	8
Kaliningrad	Russia		1000	1881	103
Karaganda	Kazakchstan	1524	1948	11
Karpinsk	Russia		1%24	1944	12
Kazan		Russia		1524	1875	150
Kemerovo	Russia		1524	1939	89
Khabarovsk	Russia		1524	1951	75
Kharkow		Ukraine		1524	1882	265
Kiev		Ukraine		1524	1892	280
Kolomna		Russia		1524	1946	40
Komsomolsk/Amur	Russia		1524	1956	42
Konotop		Ukraine		1524	1949	29
Konstantinovka	Ukraine		1524	1931	51
Kramatorsk	Ukraine		1524	1937	38
Krasnodar	Russia		1524	1918	113
Krasnoturinsk	Russia		1524	1946	10
Krasnoyarsk	Russia		1524	1956	77
Krivoy Rog	Ukraine		1524	1934	120
Kursk		Russia		1524	1918	92
Liepaja		Latvia		1000	1899	14
Lipetsk		Russia		1524	1947	109
Lugansk		Ukraine		1524	1933	92
Lvov		Ukraine		1000	1880	77
Magnitorsk	Russia		1524	1934	142
Makeyevka	Ukraine		1524	1924	63      *7
Mariupol	Ukraine		1524	1932	114
Minsk		Belarussia	1524	1892	65
Molochnoye	Ukraine		1000	1989	1	*2
Moscow		Russia		1524	1899	459
Mozyr		Belarussia      1524	1988	44
Naberezhnyje	Russia		1524	1973	88
Nikolayev	Ukraine		1524	1915	75
Niznekhamsk	Russia		1524	1967	58
Nizhny Novgorod Russia		1524	1895	200
Nizhny Tagil	Russia		1524	1937	47
Noginsk		Russia		1524	1924	13
Novocherkask	Russia		1524	1954	42
Novokuznetsk	Russia		1524	1933	140
Novolopotsk	Belarussia	1524	1973	22
Novosibirsk	Russia		1524	1934	181
Novotroitsk	Russia		1524	1954	31
Odessa		Ukraine		1524	1907	214
Omsk		Russia		1524	1936	130
Orsk		Russia		1524    1940	70
Oryol		Russia		1524	1896	35
Ossinniki	Russia		1524	1957	23
Pavlodar	Kazakchstan	1524	1963	87
Perm		Russia		1524	1929	130
Prokpyevsk	Russia		1524	1934	83
Pyatigorsk	Russia		1000	1904	94
Riga		Latvia		1524	1901	123
Rostov na Donu	Russia		1435(!) 1902	121
Ryazan		Russia		1524	1962	25
Saint Petersburg Russia		1524	1895	688	(!) *3
Salavat		Russia		1524	1953	37
Samara		Russia		1524	1913	162
Saratov		Russia		1524	1887	161
Shakthy		Russia		1524	1932	33
Smolensk	Russia		1524	1944	57
Stakhanov	Ukraine		1524	1936	18
Staryi Oskol	Russia		1524	1981	61
Sumgait		Azerbajdjan	1524	1959	21
Taaganrog	Russia		1524	1931	45
Tallinn		Estonia		1067	1925	39
Taskhent	Uzbekistan	1524	1936	268
Tbilisi		Georgia		1524	1934	108
Temirtau	Kazakhstan	1524	1959	55
Tomsk		Russia		1524	1946	45
Tula		Russia		1524	1927	93
Tver		Russia		1524	1930	91
Ufa		Russia		1524	1936	156
Ulan-Ude	Russia		1524	1956	57
Ulyanovsk	Russia		1524	1949	120
Usolye Siberskoye Russia	1524	1963	33
Ust Ilimsk	Russi		1524	1988	29
Ust Kamenogorsk	Kazakhstan	1524	1957	33
Ust Katav	Russia		1524	1973	4	*4
Vinnitsa	Ukraine		1000	1913	42	*5
Vitebsk		Belarussia	1524	1897	69
Vladivostok	Russia		1524	1911	44
Volchansk	Russia		1524	1949	16
Volgograd	Russia		1524	1913	128
Volzskij	Russia		1524	1960	48
Voronezh	Russia		1524	1909	177
Yaroslavl	Russia		1524	1900	67
Yekaterinburg	Russia		1524	1928	179
Yenakievo	Ukraine		1524	1932	33
Yerevan		Armenia		1524	1931	90
Yevpatoria	Ukraine		1000	1913	20
Zaporozhie	Ukraine		1524	1931	110
Zhitomir	Ukraine		1000	1898	18
Zlatoust	Russia		1524	1934	50
Notes
  1. Cancelled in Winter 1994 because of war
  2. Runs in summer only
  3. Longest and biggest tramway company world-wide
  4. Test route of tramway's rolling stock company- used only for workers to move from city to factory
  5. Regauging to 1524 in progress
  6. Cheryomushki is not a city, but a rather large and populous section of Moscow, in the southwest of the city. (thanks: Boris Levitin)
  7. Corrected 23/10/96 (country was wrong).
  8. Corrected 23/10/96 (spelling was wrong).

Footnotes

  • Opening - this always means opening of first ELECTRIC tramway (steam or horse tramways are not counted, even if they were first).
  • Some cities reagauged their network from different gauges to 1524 mm. Date of opening still means opening of FIRST tramway line.
  • 1524 mm - Russian Gauge is from time to time referred as 1520 mm.
  • Tramways in Wolchansk and Krasnoturjinsk will probably be closed soon. It may also happens to other cities, because of the disastrous economic situation.
  • Names of cities: The spellings given here are based on the phonetic system used in the Czech Republic, which should in most cases sound very similar to the usual Western versions.

There are also abandoned tramway routes in 21 another cities. Thanks to Richard A.Bilek, Praha/Prague, and to S. Pakhomov for corrections e-mailed 9th Oct 1996.

List of town tramway systems in Russia (Wikipedia)


Serbia

Metre gauge trams in Belgrade.

List of town tramway systems in Serbia (Wikipedia)

Trams in Belgrade (Wikipedia)


Singapore

The Singapore Trolley bus service operates between the area of Orchard Road, Tanjong Pagar and the World Trade Centre from 9am to 10pm.

There is a tour operator called the ChinaTown Tram Pte Ltd..., other than that I don't know anything about it.

2019 note: ChinaTown Tram Pte Ltd. filed its last annual return on 31 December 1997.

Trams in Singapore (Wikipedia)
Steam tram services stopped on 1st June 1894, due to financial losses.
Singapore Electric Tramways Ltd started an electric tramway service on 24th July 1905.
"trams were replaced by trolleybuses on 4 September 1927"

Trolleybuses in Singapore (Wikipedia)
"By 1962, motor buses had completely replaced the trolleybuses."

Transport in Singapore (Wikipedia)


Slovakia

There are tramways in:

  • Bratislava (narrow gauge)
  • Kosice (standard gauge)
  • Poprad (narrow gauge, also known as Tatra Electric Railway)
  • Interurban Trencianska Tepla-Trencianske Teplice (narrow gauge)

List of town tramway systems in Europe (Wikipedia) - jump to Slovakia

Historic tramways from Slovakia

No tramway museum exists in Slovakia at this time. Reason is clear - because all of Slovak tramcars are displayed in Technicke museum Brno (Czech Republic). As you know - until 1993 Czech Republic was joined together with Slovakia into Czechoslovakia.

Only few tramways remains here. Bratislava, now capital of Slovakia has quite big network of 1000 mm gauge tramways, built 1895. They now preserve three tramcars. One is the No. 38, it originate from batch self-built in company in 1938. This tramcar was for years in museum Brno, but returned to Bratislava in March 1990. Second one is tramcar No. 44, similar to 38, this one was built in 1949 again by tramway company itself. It was restored in 1995, but restoration is not so perfect as No. 38. Last one is 212, an example of PCC-based type T2, that was built since 1956 in CKD Tatra in Prague. This tramcar is restored back to its orignal state as on 1957. Also can be noted here, that second prototype of T2 Class, No. 6002 that runs in Bratislava for years is now regauged back to 1435mm and is in Tramway Museum Praha/Prague City transport company also preserve two historic busses as well as trolleybus FBW/BBC/Oerlikon, built 1947, now restored back to be ready this year. Tramcars are located in depot Krasnany, lines 3,5,11 direction Raca.

Interrurban, narrow gauge (760 mm) tramway (or railway?) Trencianska Tepla - Trencianske Teplice has no historic tramcars in service. One of the tramcars of first generation, M 24.003, built 1909 is in Brno's museum again. Last year, during celebration of 650 years of city Trencianska Tepla there were journeys with steam (!) locomotive No.5 from Hronec's Forest Railway. They were very successful, so there is hope to run this year regularly, with any other locomotive from Hronec.

Another interrurban tramway, 1000 mm gauge Tatra*** Electric Railway based in Poprad operate with a few historic tramcars too. There's preserved coach No. 22. It was originally postal coach, built 1912. After WW2 it was rebuilt to be used as a passenger coach too. It was withdrawn in 1968 (but in last years only rarely used), and 20 years after was restored back. Now with one trailer is used for special journeys, especially on Sundays on route 1 Poprad - Tatranska Lomnica. There's hope to restore another tramcar EMU 49.0005 (built Tatra***, 1949).

For more detailed informations about journeys with Trencianska Tepla, or with Tatra Electric Railway see this year see please timetable of Slovak Railways.

*** Note on Tatra
There's some mismatch with names Tatra. Originally Tatra is name for mountains, that are around Poprad and over 2500 meters. But when (in 1897) was founded company for automobiles, their car haven't any names. One of their first car make a glorious journey through the Tatra mountains, so factory taken the name Tatra too. This factory is now building tramcars, as well as an automobiles (high class, used by governement and so)

Last but not at least, Kosice, city on east Slovakia, famous for their steel works "VSZ" has tramways since 1891. There's only one historic tramway, No. 141. It was built in 1920 for Praha/Prague. In 1963 it was sold to Kosice, old to Kosice, and there, after only few years of service in 1968 withd This tramcar is restored, but is not used for any public journeys now. But it can be seen in Depot Saca (lines No. 5,8,9,R1,R2,R3,R4,R5,R6,R7 and R8). It can be observed directly from street, so you needn't to go inside. Please note: This tramcar is from the same batch as tramcar No. 352 that is now in Amsterdam's Tramway museum (please see your Prague's Guide). And something special - here in Kosice was one line through the middle of historic town, approx. 700 meters long. It was closed in 1984. Now it's restored, but not for electric tramways, but there should be a horse-drawn tramway line (!) that should run for tourists on Sundays.

Thanks to Richard Bilek, Czech Republic

Bratislava Museum of Transport
Photographs from the Museum of Transport, which is located in the premises of the first Bratislava steam-engine railway station from the 19th century.

Bratislava Transport Museum (Wikipedia)
Features motorcars, motorcycles, military and government vehicles, steam and electrical locomotives.


Spain

Valencia has a light rail system. The island of Mallorca has an old tramway system still in operation at Soller. Trams may also be seen at Palma de Mallorca. There is an old street tramway "Tramvia Blau" in Barcelona running between Av. President Kennedy (Av Tibidabo FGC station) to the Tibidabo funicular.

Trams in Spain (Wikipedia)
Trams in Spain go back to an animal-drawn Madrid tramway network, which opened in 1871. 13 tram networks are currently planned to be added to the nine already operating.


Sweden

There are operational tramways in Goteborg/Gothenburg (large system), Norrkoeping (2 lines), Lidingoe (1 line) and Stockholm (the Nockebybanan line).

See List of railway museums (Wikipedia) for a list of links for railway museums.

Public Transport Goteborg

Wayback machine archive of www.westnet.se/tourist/comm/lokal.html (January 30 1997)
Most places of interest in Goteborg are within walking distance, but trams and buses offer you a quick and comfortable way of getting around. With photographs by Lars Oscarsson

Ringlinjen Vintage Tram

Wayback machine archive of www.westnet.se/tourist/sights/attractions/ringlinjen.html (January 30 1997)
Goteborg has more than 200 modern trams and an extensive net of tram-lines, making up a major part of the city's public transport system. During the summer, vintage trams operate on two lines. Photograph by Lars Oscarsson

The Streetcar Museeum at Malmköping

Photos by Urban Fredriksson:

Wayback machine archive of www.canit.se/~griffon/railways/ (August 1st 2001)
Follow the link to "My visits to preserved railways and museums".
Wayback machine archive of www.canit.se/~griffon/railways/musei/tripreports.html (August 1st 2001)
Then follow the link to "The Tramway Museum in Malmköping".
Wayback machine archive of www.canit.se/~griffon/railways/musei/malmkoping/malmkoping.html (June 3rd 2001)

This page features photographs taken on May 30:th 1998 (5 out of 6 link to valid archived larger photos).

The museum linked to is now at Swedish Urban Transport Museum - Museispårvägen Malmköping where you can find photos of the current fleet.

New tramway in Stockholm

On January 30th, 1996, work started on the New Light Rail connecting the southern and western suburbs with underground and commuter railway stations in the area.

This 2 billion SEK project will be inaugurated 1999 with some 15 double articulated partially low floor trams, each 30 meter long, for which tenders have recently been issued. This new Stockholm tramway will include street, bridge, tunnel and a lot of private right of way running.

Trams last ran in the streets of the Swedish capital in 1967, though two lines remain, using trams but running entirely on separate track (Nockyby and Lidingö tram routes).
Thanks to Thomas Johansson

Stockholm museum tramline

Partick Erskine told me that this museum line goes between Norrmalmstorg and Waldemarsudde.
Bruse LF Persson told me that the name Stocktramway is the old telegraphic address of the "AB Stockholms Spårvägar" (Stockholm Tramway Company), and provided links to Stocktramway (AB Stockholms Spårvägar/Stockholm Tramway, Djurgårdslinjen) on 17 Jul 1997.

Updated November 2019:

"AB Stockholms Spårvägar (SS) is owned by the Swedish Tramway Society (Stockholm department) as well as individual members. The company has been engaged in tramway operations on Djurgårdslinjen with heritage trams since 1991 and now accounts also for services on the City tramway with regular, modern low-floor trams."

Stocktramway (AB Stockholms Spårvägar/Stockholm Tramway, Djurgårdslinjen):
swedish: https://www.ss.se/
english: https://www.ss.se/english/

Svenska Spårvägssällskapet / Swedish Tramway Society which operates museum tram services in Malmö, and Malmköping (2019 update: also Stockholm and Norrköping).
swedish: Svenska Spårvägssällskapet
english: Swedish Tramway Society

Stockholm´s Trams from -67

Leif Spångberg had a site on the now defunct www.geocities.com that contained photos, info, and maps about the last summer in operation of the left-hand-traffic tramway system in Stockholm, Sweden, before the roads converted to right-hand-traffic on 3rd September 1967, and the tramway system was replaced by buses.

Leif Spångberg's website since March 1999 (which includes videos) currently includes, in the Photos section, a page of photos of Gothenburg Tramways in 1965 - 1967, in left-hand traffic:
http://www.tramways.com/

This page shows the picture gallery of the last city trams in Stockholm from summer 1967, although I could not find a link to it via the website front page:
Stockholms Tramways in 1967 (Established 2 July 1996, updated 1 February 2005)

Leif Spångberg's Flickr page with many photos:
Leif Spångberg (flickr)

Reopening of Stockholm Transport Museum - 2020

Look out for the reopening of Stockholm Transport Museum (Spårvägsmuseet), moved from old premises at SL's bus garage Söderhallen where it was located since 1990, to House No. 9, a building located in the Gasworks area at Norra Djurgårdsstaden, just North-East of Stockholm city - planned to open in autumn 2020.

Spårvägsmuseet / Stockholm Transport Museum

Details of the relocation project can be found at the Region Stockholm website:
Public transport projects: The New Tramway Museum

Timetable for the renovation:

• Remediation: spring, summer and autumn 2018
• Construction: winter 2018/2019 - spring 2020
• Exhibition production: spring 2019 - autumn 2020


Switzerland

There is a tramway (Strassenbahn) system in Basel, with several lines, serving the City and places such as Schifflände, Eglisee, the German Railway Station (Badischer Bahnhof) Binningen, and Allschwil.

According to Juraj Riecan, there are also tramways in Geneva (two lines that are being extended), plus Zurich and Bern, and possibly elsewhere too.

Identifies working tramways in Basel, Bern, Bex, Geneva, Lausanne, Neuchâtel and Zürich:
List of town tramway systems in Switzerland (Wikipedia)


Turkey

Trams in Istanbul (Wikipedia)

Turkey Travel Planner - Istanbul Trams, Turkey

See also Cologne Trams to Turkey


United States

Americans use the terms streetcar or trolley where Britons, Australians and others use the term tram to mean the same thing (see David Hoadley's Trams of Australia for a nice description of this terminological variegation).

Operating tramway systems in the US include those in Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, New Orleans, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Portland, Seattle, and a few oddities in other places. There are only five operating trolley bus systems left: San Francisco, Seattle, Dayton, Boston and Philadelphia.
Thanks to John Cross

Identifies working streetcar systems in Phoenix, Tucson, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, San Pedro, Denver, Washington, Tampa, Atlanta, New Orleans, Baltimore, Boston, Lowell, Detroit, Minneapolis, Kansas City, St. Louis, Camden, Hudson County, Newark, Trenton, Buffalo, Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Oklahoma City, Portland, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Memphis, Dallas, El Paso, Houston, Salt Lake City, Norfolk, Seattle, Tacoma, Kenosha, and Milwaukee:
List of streetcar systems in the United States (Wikipedia)

The U.S. Streetcar Systems Website

APTA Streetcar and Heritage Trolley Site
Hosted by the Seashore Trolley Museum

RailroadData.Com: Tourist Railroads and Museums, USA

Old Pueblo Trolley, Tucson, Arizona

A trolley-restoring volunteer organization with running trolley cars. Watch out for restoration news reports.

Original website removed due to error code: SSL_ERROR_BAD_CERT_DOMAIN - site does not have a valid SSL/TLS certificate.

Old Pueblo Trolley (Wikipedia)

Fort Smith Trolley Car Museum, Arkansas

https://www.fstm.org/
Fort Smith Streetcar Restoration Association, 100 South 4th Street. Fort Smith, Arkansas, 72901

Trolleys (trams) run between the Old Fort Museum and the Trolley Museum. One of the latest additions is an extension of the main line which runs between Garrison Avenue and the National Cemetery including stops at the Old Fort Museum and the Trolley Museum.

After 1997, the Museum of History stop was extended past Bricktown Brewery off Garrison Avenue, down Garrison Avenue to the front of Ross Pendergraft Park, which is northeast of the Fort Smith National Historic Site at the base of the Garrison Avenue Bridge. In 2005, the trolley route was extended from Fort Smith National Cemetery to the rear of the Fort Smith Convention Center.

A map of the route can be found here: Fort Smith, Arkansas: Fort Smith Trolley Museum (Jon Bell)

San Diego, California

The South and East Lines (Downtown to San Ysidro) of the San Diego Trolley run from 4:45 a.m. at most stations for 7 days a week. The last trolley for San Ysidro leaves at 12:13 a.m., and for El Cajon at 10:18 p.m. There is no service after 6:10 p.m. at Little Italy and Santa Fe Depot stations on the South Line. The new Old Town line is set to start June 15th or 16th [1996], most likely as an extension of the South Line.
Thanks to David Keenan, Steve Hoskins [misc.transport.urban-transit]

San Diego Trolley (Wikipedia)

Shore Line Trolley Museum, CT

Wayback machine archive of www.panix.com/~christos/TrolleyPage.html (July 7th 1997)

Operates the oldest continuously operated suburban trolley line in the United States (started 1900). There are 6 different cars in the operating fleet, others in restoration, and various types of vehicles as museum stock.
Shore Line Trolley Museum (Membership web site)
Shore Line Trolley Museum (Visitor's web site)

Operated by Branford Electric Railway Association; located in River St., East Haven, CT.

Fox River Trolley Museum, Illinois

This museum at Route 31, South Elgin, Illinois has perhaps half a dozen different cars, including an interurban that used to run regularly at up to seventy mph, and a mile or so of track along the bank of the Fox river.

   Fox River Trolley Association
   P.O. box 315
   South Elgin
   South Elgin, IL 60177-0315
Thanks to Niels Grundtvig Nielsen

The museum operates a round trip between Castlemuir (South Elgin) and Blackhawk Station in the Jon Duerr Forest Preserve.

The museum suffered a vandalism attack in July of 2018 and is appealing for restoration funds via a gofundme.com page.

Fox River Trolley Museum (www.foxtrolley.org)

The Fox River Trolley Museum - photos by Edward Kwiatkowski (Flickr)

Fox River Trolley Museum (Wikipedia)

Seashore Trolley Museum

"Our collection includes vehicles from almost all major cities in the United States that had streetcar systems, as well as from other cities across the globe"

Seashore Trolley Museum

"The Seashore Trolley Museum was founded in 1939, to save one trolley from destruction. It was Biddeford and Saco Railroad open trolley #31"
Wayback machine archive of www.biddeford.com/~carshop/trolley/ (June 4th 2001)

Here is what is described as the oldest and largest electric railway museum in the world. It was formed in 1939 to save a trolley from the Biddeford and Saco line. There are many links to information for tourists and railfans. Follow the links to "The Roster of the Collection", then "General Info"-

Note: This link will download a document list.doc. Save it to your downloads folder, and observe all the usual anti-malware precautions for downloaded files. The file should contain a Seashore Trolley Museum, Kennebunkport, Maine Roster of Exhibits dated 1/2/95 (you may need to set your page layout to landscape).
(Wayback machine archive of www.biddeford.com/~carshop/trolley/list.doc)

- and you will find a list containing, amongst many US and Canadian streetcars and interurbans, four British trams and one Australian tram. One of the trams is a Scottish tram from Glasgow - a "Cunarder" class double decker, which Dewi Williams has seen; he was amazed when the staff told him that as Glasgow used the 4ft 7 3/4" gauge, instead of standard 4'8 1/2", the museum still manages to run it on regular track but "very slowly over points, switches, crossings and curves". Dewi also reports that the museum has the "Golden Chariot", an open charabanc style touring tram from Montreal (typically run on Canada day) and a cable-car from Dunedin, NZ.
Thanks to Kenyon F. Karl for this URL, 24 Sept. '95

The Trolley Museum of New York

"Kingston Trolley Museum New York"
Wayback machine archive of www.mhrcc.org/kingston/kgntroll.html (November 11th 1996)

Formerly located at Brooklyn, they have now moved their equipment upstate, about 3 hours drive, and are restoring their trolleys, but under difficult circumstances (according to Jan K. Lorenzen).

As of 2019:

"The Trolley Museum of New York (TMNY) has been in downtown Kingston on the Rondout Waterfront since 1983... TMNY is a New York State chartered non-profit educational organization that was founded in Brooklyn in 1955... In addition to static displays of trolley and subway cars from the United States and Europe, an excursion ride runs 1½ miles from the foot of Broadway in Downtown Kingston to picnic grounds on the shore of the Hudson River at Kingston Point."

The Trolley Museum of New York (TMNY)

Brooklyn Historic Railway Association

Wayback machine archive of bjr.acf.nyu.edu/railinfo/text/btm.html (February 1st 2001)

A new museum with 4 trolley cars under restoration at 141 Beard Street, an old pier in the Red Hook section of Brooklyn.

In early 1997, restoration of a former Oslo, Norway, 1897 tram, which was imported into the States by a private individual in 1960, is approaching completion. It was donated to the museum a few years ago, after making a few trial runs on former downtown factory street trackage (with a small dynamo sitting on the rear platform).

The other three cars are ex-Boston 1951 vintage PCC's - one of which, #3321, is the last one built by Pullman-Standard. 3321 is being checked out and missing/damaged parts replaced. These cars were extensively rebuilt by Boston in the late '70's to early 80's and do not yet require total restoration. There is a short section of single track newly built on the Beard St. pier, and overhead wire is being put up. The 600v DC power is provided by a former Long Island RR emergency diesel-electric dynamo. Official operation will start in Spring 1997 with the former Oslo tram. They are also hoping to borrow one of the actual Brooklyn trolleys up at Kingston, and also a vintage tram to fill in the time gap between the Oslo car and the PCC's. Plans are to extend the line up to the Brooklyn Bridge, and to reuse an abandoned tunnel used by the LIRR until 1861.
Thanks to Jan K. Lorenzen.

Update:

"Brooklyn Trolley Museum. Brooklyn Trolley Museum is/was an attempt by the Brooklyn Historic Railway Association to start up a Red Hook-Brooklyn Heights heritage trolley line. Below are some photos of the ongoing work at the site, but at this time (2004) it appears that the museum, and the plans, are defunct, and their web site has gone offline."

Brooklyn Trolley Museum at www.nycsubway.org

Brooklyn Historic Railway Association (Wikipedia)

Tracks revealed in Boston, MA

21st June 1996

Robert Coe was surprised on his way to work to see railroad tracks being dug up by a backhoe working in the area of Massachusetts Avenue in Central Square between Prospect Street and Pleasant Street, Boston in a neighbourhood reconstruction project. It may be assumed that these tracks date back 45 years or more to the streetcar system that used to run between Harvard Square and Massachusetts Station (the latter is now the location of Hynes Convention Center).
Based on an article by Robert Coe in newsgroup misc.transport.urban-transit

Norfolk, Virginia

Wayback machine archive of www.abel-info.com/regguide/recnr2.html (February 29th 2000)

Visitors can climb aboard a Norfolk trolley for a one-hour tour of historic downtown Norfolk...

Ohio

See under Pennsylvania & Ohio about Pittsburgh and Cleveland.

Oregon Electric Railway Museum

I have been informed that the Oregon Electric Railway Museum includes a working Sydney open car # 1187. (thanks to Mark Kavanagh, the museum secretary)
Sydney Car 1187

The Oregon Electric Railway Historical Society, owner of the largest Trolley Museum in the Pacific Northwest, now has an official WEB site with space for OERHS operations, photos and links.

The OERHS operates the WST and the Trolley Museum.
Oregon Electric Railway Historical Society

The OERHS is a non-profit 501(c)3 Corporation and founded in 1957. The Society is dedicated to the preservation and education of our historic electric railway heritage, which includes trolleys, interurbans, and electric freight.

Oregon Electric Railway Museum
The Oregon Electric Railway Museum is at Powerland Heritage Park in Brooks, Oregon.

Willamette Shore Trolley
At the Willamette Shore Trolley, trolleys run from downtown Lake Oswego to the SW Portland Waterfront.

Photos from the Oregon Electric Railway Museum 6/26/2011, by Chris Guenzler

Portland, Oregon

http://trimet.org/
Home page for the 'Tri-Met' public transport system with schedules, maps, fares for every bus route plus the MAX light rail system. Includes pictures of buses and trams. Note that the 'vintage' streetcars which run along the MAX tracks in downtown Portland are in fact modern replicas. Public transport is free in downtown Portland (within a zone called the 'Fareless Square').
Thanks to Simon Titley

November 2019 update:
The 'Fareless Square' existed from January 1975 through August 2012, was limited to light rail and streetcar services in 2010, and discontinued on August 31, 2012.
Fareless Square (Wikipedia)

The Portland Vintage Trolley ran for the last time on July 6, 2014. Replica streetcars Nos. 513 and 514 were transferred to the Willamette Shore Trolley, and 511 and 512 were transferred to the Delmar Loop trolley in St. Louis.
Portland Vintage Trolley (Wikipedia)

Pennsylvania & Ohio

Pennsylvania Trolley Museum
http://pa-trolley.org/

Information about the Museum, its history, operating dates and times, prices, events, directions and contact information. The Museum has a Western Pennsylvania Trolley Calendar, which can be ordered online.

Willie Pitt told me this:

Both Pittsburgh and Cleveland have light rail rapid transit lines. I don't
know if you consider such lines to be trams, but PCC cars were once used on
both. Not sure if they still are, but the modern LR cars are still in both
places.

Philadelphia

Five Subway-Surface lines share the Market-Frankford Line tunnel at 30th Street in the West. These are served by modern non-articulated LRVs with trolley poles.

In the western suburbs, similar cars but doubled ended run on two routes that are mostly grade separated. A third route uses high speed 3rd rail cars that is 100% grade separated.

SEPTA [Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority] operates a couple of routes with PCC cars painted in vintage PTC colors, and has also opened a store/museum at 1234 Market Street, adjacent to Market East station, with a restored PCC car on display.

There is also a vintage trolley (restored PCCs) operating on the northern part of surface route 23 in Chestnut Hill (weekends only).

Short PCC lines run downtown and in Chestnut Hill. Suburban streetcars run to Media and Sharon Hill.

The stations most acceessible to the disabled include

  • Market-Frankford:
    • 69th Street Terminal
    • 2nd Street
    • Girard
  • Broad Street:
    • Olney

Credits: Howard Sage, Edhein, Sandy Smith, Larry Gould, Lisa Hancock, John Kolassa on news:misc.transport.urban-transit

Sandy Smith sent me this additional information:

The Subway-Surface lines operate in tunnel from 40th and Woodland in West Philly to City Hall. West of 30th, they operate in their own tunnel separate from that of the Market-Frankford Line.

The historic trolley along the Delaware riverfront is history. The volunteer group that ran it was not found to be a "qualified operator" by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, which was prepared to fund extensions and improvements. Instead of that, nobody stepped in to fill the breach and the existing wires and poles were removed. (The tracks, which are used by a freight line, remain.)

The status of the other historic routes in Center City and Chestnut Hill is in question due to SEPTA [Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority] budget problems.

More information at:
Sandy Smith's Home Page: Wayback machine archive of pobox.upenn.edu/~smiths/ (December 13th 2003)

Seattle, Washington State

George Benson Waterfront Streetcar Line - Wayback machine archive of transit.metrokc.gov/bus/schedules/s099_0_.html (August 6th 2002)

Route 99 used a pair of vintage trams from Melbourne, Australia, in their original green and gold livery.
Thanks to Simon Titley

The George Benson Line Waterfront Streetcar vintage Trolley service was suspended in 2005.
Affordable Streetcar: Seattle's Waterfront Streetcar

Waterfront Streetcar (Wikipedia) - details the fate of the Melbourne trams

According to the Seattle Times Company (for further information see link below), electric streetcar networks were developed intensively in Seattle from the 1890s to the early 20th century. They covered the University district, Rainier Valley, and West Seattle and encouraged urban ribbon development along the routes served, as the streetcar brought affordable transport to the working and middle classes enabling them to commute to the city.

The independent networks began to be consolidated by 1910 into a single privately owned city-wide system.
Page showing the Seattle network in 1910

J. L. Toth Historic Railroads and Railroad Museums List

Wayback machine archive of www.clark.net:80/pub/jltoth/rr_museums.html (December 17th 2001)
Here you can find information on the Baltimore Streetcar Museum, the National Capital Trolley Museum (Maryland), the Rockhill Trolley Museum (Pennsylvania), the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum, and other rail information.


Ukraine

There are trams in Lviv and many other towns.

Trams in Lviv (Wikipedia)


United Kingdom

See United Kingdom on the Tram and Light Rail photos page (Crich Tramway Museum and other UK places).

Leeds

As of 2019, the proposed Leeds Supertram was unsuccessful in getting funding for construction.


USSR

See under Russia

Back to my Tram and Light Rail photos page